Bibliography of Lucy Hutchinson


This bibliography includes notes on:

Lucy Hutchinson's manuscripts
Print editions of Hutchinson's writings
Lucy Hutchinson: General
Biography and Bibliography
Lucretius and Epicureanism
The Treatise on Religion
The Translation of John Owen
Hutchinson's Memoirs of the Life of Colonel Hutchinson
Genesis Poems: Paradise Lost and Order and Disorder
Hutchinson's Other Poetry
Seventeenth-Century Women and Writing: General
Seventeenth-Century History: General

Lucy Hutchinson's Manuscripts

The main surviving manuscripts of Hutchinson’s works are:


(1) Nottinghamshire Archives, Nottingham:

Note that these are on deposit from family members; for permission to consult and quote from this material please consult the Archivist, and for online details see the Perdita Project home page

DD/HU1: literary commonplace book with extracts in verse and prose, mainly in Hutchinson’s hand, including:

  • passages copied from John Denham's translation of Virgil's Aeneid, books 2-6
  • metrical psalms (psalms 1, 2, 51, 90, 113)
  • notes on Nicolas Caussin's Holy Court, Part 4
  • notes on a genealogy of the Boteler family (not by Lucy Hutchinson)
  • passages copied from Sidney Godolphin's translation of Virgil's Aeneid
  • copies of poems by Thomas Carew, Edmund Waller and others. The translation from Matthius Casimir Sarbievius, epigram 34, has been published by Krzystof Fordoński and Piotr Urbański, Casimir Britannicus (London, 2010), p. 94.

DD/HU3: religious commonplace book in Hutchinson’s hand, including:

  • notes on Calvin’s Institutes
  • a further set of 100 aphorisms on Calvin's Institutes
  • personal statements of belief dated 1667 and 1668
  • notes on sermons
  • some drafts of original verse





DD/HU2: 'Elegies', in a scribal hand


DD/HU4: the 'Life of Colonel Hutchinson', in Hutchinson’s hand, followed by her transcription of notes he made in his copy of the Bible


(2) Osborn Collection, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University:

Osborn Collection fb 100: the manuscript of Hutchinson's Order and Disorder


(3) Northamptonshire Record Office:

MS Fitzwilliam Misc. vol. 793: treatise on religion addressed to her daughter, published 1817


(4) British Library:

Additional MS 19333: Lucy Hutchinson's translation of Lucretius, De rerum natura

Additional MSS 25901, 39779, 46172N: the 'Defence of John Hutchinson': an account of John Hutchinson’s services to Parliament, compiled in the mid-1640s and later used as a basis for the life

Additional MS 17018, fols. 213-7: reply to Edmund Waller's 'A Panegyric of My Lord Protector'


(5) Lost Manuscripts:

Available in the early nineteenth century (but currently unlocated) were:

  • a manuscript (T) containing a partial translation of John Owen's Theologoumena pantodapa (Oxford, 1661)
  • a manuscript containing her autobiography and some original poems, one of which Julius Hutchinson printed at the end of the 1806 edition of the Memoirs
  • a diary 
  • theological notes, reproduced by Julius Hutchinson in 1806

 Relocating these manuscripts, in her distinctive writing, is much to be desired.

Print editions of Hutchinson's writings

An edition of the complete Works of Lucy Hutchinson is in progress under the general editorship of David Norbrook, to be published by Oxford University Press. The first volume, the translation of Lucretius, edited by Reid Barbour with David Norbrook and Maria Cristina Zerbino, includes the Latin text Hutchinson used and an extensive commentary. Volume 2, focusing on Hutchinson's religious writings, is currently in preparation. The following editions of Hutchinson's writings are also available (following roughly chronological order of composition):

(1) 'Defence of John Hutchinson' (incorporated in revised form in Memoirs): extracts in Memoirs of the Life of Colonel Hutchinson, ed. C. H. Firth (London, 1885, 1906).

(2) Lucy Hutchinson's Translation of Lucretius: De rerum natura, ed. Hugh de Quehen (London, 1996).

(3) 'To M:r Waller upon his Panegirique to the Lord Protector', in David Norbrook, 'Lucy Hutchinson versus Edmund Waller: An Unpublished Reply to Waller's A Panegyrick to my Lord Protector', The Seventeenth Century, 11 (1996), 61-86.

(4) Memoirs of the Life of Colonel Hutchinson, ed. James Sutherland (London, 1973; first edition to print most of the MS); ed. N. H. Keeble (London, 1995; first edition to print closing meditation from the MS); ed. C. H. Firth (London, 1885, 1906: still the best edition for historical annotation but Firth did not have access to the full text of the manuscript).

(5) 'Elegies', in David Norbrook, 'Lucy Hutchinson's "Elegies" and the Situation of the Republican Woman Writer', English Literary Renaissance, 27 (1997), 468-521 (487-521), and in Early Modern Women's Manuscript Poetry, ed. Jill Seal Millman and Gillian Wright (Manchester, 2005). Written around the same time as the 'Memoirs'.

(6) On the Principles of the Christian Religion, Addressed to her Daughter, and On Theology (London, 1817). The first of these treatises was probably written during the 1670s and was addressed to her daughter Barbara Orgil; the second is a translation of part of the first two books of a 1661 treatise by John Owen, the congregationalist divine whose sermons she attended during the 1670s; the whole treatise is available in modern translation as Biblical Theology, trans. Stephen P. Westcott (Morgan, PA, 1994), and the Latin text in vol. 17 of The Works of John Owen, ed. W. H. Goold, 24 vols. (London and Edinburgh, 1850-53).

(7) Order and Disorder, ed. David Norbrook (Oxford, 2000): previously ascribed to her brother Sir Allen Apsley.

Lucy Hutchinson: General

Kate Chedgzoy, Women's Writing in the British Atlantic World: Memory, Place and History, 1550-1700 (Cambridge, 2007).

Robert Mayer, 'Lucy Hutchinson: A Life of Writing', The Seventeenth Century, 22:2 (2007), 305-35.

Shannon Miller, ‘Family and Commonwealth in the Writings of Lucy Hutchinson’, in Laura Lunger Knoppers (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Literature and the English Revolution (Oxford, 2012), pp. 669-85. 

Sharon Cadman Seelig, Autobiography and Gender in Early Modern Literature: Reading Women's Lives, 1600-1680 (Cambridge, 2006).

Mihoko Suzuki (ed.), Anne Clifford and Lucy Hutchinson (Farnham, 2009).

Biography and Bibliography

Jerome De Groot, 'John Denham and Lucy Hutchinson’s Commonplace Book', SEL: Studies in English Literature 1500–1900, 48 (2008), 147–63.

Julia Alexander Hankey, History of the Apsley & Bathurst Families (Cirencester, 1889; revised A.B., Cirencester, 1903).

Lucy Hutchinson's Translation of Lucretius: De rerum natura, ed. Hugh de Quehen (London, 1996). De Quehen’s introduction is the most up to date survey of her life.

Christopher Hill, 'Colonel John Hutchinson, 1615-1664: A Tercentenary Tribute', Transactions of the Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire, 69 (1965), 79-87.

David Norbrook, 'Margaret Cavendish and Lucy Hutchinson: Identity, Ideology and Politics', In-Between, 9 (2000), 179-203.

David Norbrook, 'Lucy Hutchinson and Il Pastor Fido', Bodleian Library Record, 25:2 (October 2012), 269-73

Annabel Patterson and Martin Dzelzainis, 'Marvell and the Earl of Anglesey: A Chapter in the History of Reading', Historical Journal, 44: 3 (2001), 703-726. Contexts for Anglesey, the dedicatee of Hutchinson’s Lucretius.

Sydney Race, 'Notes on Mrs. Hutchinson's Manuscripts', Notes and Queries, 145 (13th Series 1) (1923), 3-4, 26-28; 'Further Notes on the Hutchinson Memoirs', ibid. 165-66. Race was for many years the only person to sustain scholarly interest in Hutchinson’s life and works.

S[ydney]. R[ace]., 'Colonel Hutchinson, Governor of Nottingham Castle, and Regicide', N&Q, clxxiv (1938), 39.

Sydney Race, 'Memoirs of the Life of Colonel Hutchinson', Notes and Queries, 183 (1942), 166.

S[ydney]. R[ace]., 'St. Paul's, Covent Garden', Notes and Queries, 184 (1943), 19-20.

Sydney Race, 'The Hutchinsons of Nottingham Castle', Notes and Queries, 195 (1950), 391-92.

Sydney Race, 'Colonel Hutchinson, the Regicide', Notes and Queries, 197 (1952), 32-33.

John George Taylor, Our Lady of Battersey: The Story of Battersea Church and Parish Told from Original Sources (London: George White, 1925). Much information on the St John family.

Lucretius and Epicureanism

Reid Barbour, 'Between Atoms and the Spirit: Lucy Hutchinson’s Translation of Lucretius', Renaissance Papers, 1994, 1-16.

Reid Barbour,  'Lucy Hutchinson, Atomism, and the Atheist Dog',  in Lynette Hunter and Sarah Hutton (eds.), Women, Science and Medicine 1500-1700 (Stroud, 1997), pp. 122-37.

Reid Barbour, English Epicures and Stoics: Ancient Legacies in Early Stuart Culture (Amherst, 1998).

Anna Maria Battigelli, Margaret Cavendish and the Exiles of the Mind (Lexington, 1998). Discusses Cavendish and Epicureanism.

Jennifer Boyle, Anamorphosis in Early Modern Literature: Mediation and Affect (Farnham, 2010), chapter 1.

Hugh de Quehen, 'Ease and Flow in Lucy Hutchinson’s Lucretius', Studies in Philology, 93 (1996), 288-303.

Wolfgang Bernard Fleischmann, Lucretius and English Literature 1680-1740 (Paris, 1964).

Jonathan Goldberg, 'Lucy Hutchinson Writing Matter', ELH, 73 (2006), 275-301.

Philip Hardie, 'The Presence of Lucretius in Paradise Lost', Milton Quarterly, 29 (1995), 13-24. Opens up connections between Milton and Hutchinson via Lucretius.

Frances Harris, 'Living in the Neighbourhood of Science: Mary Eveyln, Margaret Cavendish and the Greshamites', in Lynette Hunter and Sarah Hutton (eds), Women, Science and Medicine 1500-1700 (Stroud, 1997), pp. 122-37. Mary Evelyn provided the title-page for her husband’s translation of Lucretius, which Lucy Hutchinson attacked in her own preface.

David Hopkins, ' "Pre-Augustan” Lucretius?: Lucy Hutchinson’s De Rerum Natura', Arion, 3rd ser., 5:3 (Winter 1998), 124-133.

Howard Jones, The Epicurean Tradition (London and New York, 1990).

Richard Kroll, The Material Word: Literate Culture in the Restoration and Early Eighteenth Century (Baltimore and London, 1991). On 17c Lucretianism.

H. A. J. Munro, 'Mrs Lucie Hutchinson’s Translation of Lucretius', Journal of Classical and Sacred Philology, 4 (1858), 121-39. Munro, who was to produce one of the great editions of Lucretius, published this account of the translation soon after it arrived in the British Library, praising its literary merits even while he noted its linguistic defects.

David Norbrook, 'Milton, Lucy Hutchinson, and the Lucretian Sublime', Tate Papers, Issue 13 (Spring 2010): online at

Hermann Josef Real, Untersuchungen zur Lukrez-Übersetzung von Thomas Creech, in Linguistica und Litteraria IX (Bad Homburg v.d.H., Berlin and Zürich, 1970).

Emma Rees, ' "A Horrible Precipice": Lucy Hutchinson’s Lucretius', in Margaret Cavendish: Gender, Genre, Exile (Manchester and New York, 2003), pp. 190-6.

Michael M. Repetzki, John Evelyn’s Translation of Titus Lucretius Carus 'De rerum natura' (Frankfurt am Main, 2000).

Charles Kay Smith, 'French Philosophy and English Politics in Interregnum Poetry', in R. Malcolm Smuts (ed.), The Stuart Court and Europe (Cambridge, 1996),  pp. 177-209.

Maria Cristina Zerbino, ' "Lucy Hutchinson’s Lucretius": la prima traduzione inglese del "De rerum natura" ' (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Bologna, 2001).

The Treatise on Religion

Elizabeth Braund, 'Mrs Hutchinson and her Teaching', Evangelical Quarterly, 31 (1959), 72-81.

Tim Cooper, Fear and Polemic in Seventeenth-Century England: Richard Baxter and Antinomianism (Aldershot, 2001). The fullest study of one of the most important themes in Hutchinson's religious treatise, although not mentioning her writings.

Jennifer Louise Heller, The Mother's Legacy in Early Modern England (Farnham, 2011). An analysis of one possible generic context for Hutchinson's treatise.

Sarah Mortimer, Reason and Religion in the English Revolution: The Challenge of Socinianism (Cambridge, 2010). Provides useful contexts for Hutchinson's treatise, and her translation of John Owen's Theologoumena pantodapa (but doesn't mention Hutchinson).

Dewey D. Wallace, Jr., Puritans and Predestination: Grace in English Protestant Theology (Chapel Hill, 1982). Discusses later Calvinism.

The Translation of John Owen

Tim Cooper, John Owen, Richard Baxter, and the Formation of Nonconformity (Farnham, 2012). The most useful recent study of Owen, but not mentioning the Theologoumena.

Katherine Narveson, 'The Sources for Lucy Hutchinson's On Theology', Notes and Queries, N. S. XXXVI (1989), 40-41.

Sebastian Rehnman, Divine Discourse: The Theological Methodology of John Owen (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2002). Discusses Owen’s Theologoumena in historical context.

Sebastian Rehnman, 'Theologia tradita: A Study in the Prolegomenous Discourse of John Owen (1616-1683)', PhD thesis, University of Oxford, 1997.

Peter Toon, God’s Statesman: The Life and Work of John Owen (Exeter, 1971). No mention of Hutchinson but a useful biography.

Carl R. Trueman, John Owen: Reformed Catholic, Renaissance Man (Aldershot, 2007). An influential recent account of some of Owen's writings (without mentioning Hutchinson).

Dewey D. Wallace, Jr., Shapers of English Calvinism, 1660-1714: Variety, Persistence, and Transformation (New York and Oxford, 2011). Provides further discussion of the theology of Owen's followers.

Hutchinson's Memoirs of the Life of Colonel Hutchinson

Susan Cooke, ‘“The Story I most Particularly Intend”: The narrative Style of Lucy Hutchinson’, Critical Inquiry, 5 (1993), 271-7.

Derek Hirst, ‘Remembering a Hero: Lucy Hutchinson’s Memoirs of her Husband, English Historical Review, 119 ( 2004), 682-91. Questions Lucy Hutchinson’s claim to have forged a letter in 1660: though Hirst’s argument needs scrutiny.

N. H. Keeble, ‘“But the Colonel's Shadow’: Lucy Hutchinson, Women's Writing, and the Civil War’, in Thomas Healy and Jonathan Sawday (eds), Literature and the English Civil War (Cambridge, 1990), pp. 227-47.

Giuseppina Iacono Lobo, ‘Lucy Hutchinson's Revisions of Conscience’,English Literary Renaissance, 42 (2012), 317-41.

Devoney Looser, British Women and the Writing of History, 1670-1820 (Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000), 47-52. Discusses later reception of the ‘Memoirs’.

Edmund Ludlow, A Voyce from the Watch Tower. Part Five: 1600-1662, ed. A. B. Worden, Camden, 4th series, 21 (1978). By a contemporary of John Hutchinson’s with a similar perspective on events; his gripping account of the Restoration can helpfully be read against Hutchinson’s.

Royce MacGillivray, Restoration Historians and the English Civil War (The Hague, 1974). Contains an important and neglected discussion of Hutchinson as historian.

David Norbrook, ‘Memoirs of the Life of Colonel Hutchinson’, in David Womersley (ed.), The Blackwell Companion to Literature from Milton to Blake (Oxford, 2000).

David Norbrook, ‘Historiography’, in N. H. Keeble (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to the Literature of the English Revolution (Cambridge, 2000).

David Norbrook, “Words more than Civil”: Republican Civility in Lucy Hutchinson’s ‘The Life of John Hutchinson’, in Jennifer Richards (ed.), Early Modern Civil Discourses (Ashgate, 2003), pp. 68-84.

David Norbrook, ‘Gender and the Editing of “The Life of Colonel Hutchinson”’, in W. Speed Hill (ed.), New Ways of Editing Old Texts III: Papers of the Renaissance English Text Society, 1997-2001 (Tempe, Ariz.: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2004), pp. 109-30.

David Norbrook, 'Memoirs and Oblivion: Lucy Hutchinson and the Restoration', Huntington Library Quarterly, 75 (2012), 233-82.

Sydney Race, `The British Museum MS. of the Life of Colonel Hutchinson and its Relation to the Published Memoirs', Transactions of the Thoroton Society, 18 (1914), 35-66. The first article drawing on the complete MS; discusses earlier versions of the text and some interesting revisions.

Sydney Race, `Colonel Hutchinson: Manuscript and Printed Memoirs', Notes and Queries, 199 (1954), 160-63, 202-04.

Stephanie Sleeper, ‘Providence, Fortune, and Gender in Margaret Cavendish’s Life of William Cavendish and Lucy Hutchinson’s Life of John Hutchinson’, The Early Modern Journal, 1: 1 (September 2000), .

Genesis Poems: Paradise Lost and Order and Disorder

Jim Bennett and Scott Mandelbrote, The Garden, the Ark, the Tower, the Temple: Biblical Metaphors of Knowledge in Early Modern Europe (Oxford, 1998). Useful introduction to readings of Genesis.

John Burrows and Hugh Craig, ‘“Among the untrodden ways”: Lucy Hutchinson and the Authorship of Two Seventeenth-century Poems’, The Seventeenth Century, 16 (2001), 259-82.

Christopher Hill, The English Bible and the Seventeenth-Century Revolution (London, 1983).

Laura Lunger Knoppers, Historicizing Milton: Spectacle, Power, and Poetry in Restoration England (Athens, GA, and London, 1994). Historical reading of Milton offering interesting parallels with Hutchinson.

Walter S. H. Lim, John Milton, Radical Politics, and Biblical Republicanism (Newark, 2006), pp. 187-210.

Shannon Miller, ‘Maternity, Marriage, and Contract: Lucy Hutchinson's Response to Patriarchal Theory in Order and Disorder’, Studies in Philology, 102 (2005), 340-77.

Shannon Miller, Engendering the Fall: John Milton and Seventeenth-Century Women Writers (Philadelphia, 2008), chapter 4.

Erin Murphy, Familial Forms: Politics and Genealogy in Seventeenth-Century English Literature (Newark, 2011).

David Norbrook, Writing the English Republic: Poetry, Rhetoric and Politics 1627-1660 (Cambridge, 1999).

Mary Ann Radzinowicz, “Milton and the Tragic Women of Genesis,” in Of Poetry and Politics: New Essays on Milton and his World, ed. P. G. Stanwood (Binghamton: Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, 1995), 131-51. Interesting parallels and contrasts with Hutchinson’s treatment of the women of Genesis.

Elizabeth Scott-Baumann, 'Lucy Hutchinson, the Bible, and Order and Disorder', in Forms of Engagement: Women, Poetry, and Culture 1640-1680 (Oxford, 2013), pp. 170-201.

Robert Wilcher, ‘“Adventurous song” or “presumptuous folly”: The Problem of “utterance” in John Milton's Paradise Lost and Lucy Hutchinson's Order and Disorder’, The Seventeenth Century, 21 (2006), 304-314.

Arnold Williams, The Common Expositor: An Account of the Commentaries on Genesis 1527-1633 (Chapel Hill, 1948). Relevant for Order and Disorder.

Joseph Wittreich, ' "He Ever Was A Dissenter’: Milton's Transgressive Maneuvers in Paradise Lost', in Arenas of Conflict: Milton and the Unfettered Mind, ed. Kristin Pruitt McColgan and Charles W. Durham (Cranbury, NJ: Susquehanna University Press, 1997), 21-40.

Joseph Wittreich, ‘Milton’s Transgressive Maneuvers: Receptions (Then and Now) and the Sexual Politics of Paradise Lost’, in John Rumrich and Stephen Dobranski (eds.), Milton and Heresy (Cambridge, 1998), pp. 244-66. Discusses Order and Disorder under traditional attribution to Hutchinson’s brother Sir Allen Apsley.

Hutchinson's Other Poetry

Pamela Hammons, ‘Polluted Palaces: Gender, Sexuality and Property in Lucy Hutchinson's “Elegies”’, Women's Writing, 13:3 (2006), 392 -415; reprinted in Gender, Sexuality, and Material Objects in English Renaissance Verse (Farnham, 2010).

Erica Longfellow, ‘The Transfiguration of Colonel Hutchinson in Lucy Hutchinson’s “Elegies”’, in Women and Religious Writing in Early Modern England (Cambridge, 2004), pp. 180-208.

David Norbrook, ‘Lucy Hutchinson versus Edmund Waller: An Unpublished Reply to Waller's A Panegyrick to my Lord Protector’, The Seventeenth Century, 11 (1996), 61-86.

David Norbrook, ‘Lucy Hutchinson's “Elegies” and the Situation of the Republican Woman Writer’, English Literary Renaissance, 27 (1997), 468-521.

Elizabeth Scott-Baumann, 'Katherine Philips and Lucy Hutchinson Reading John Donne' and ''Lucy Hutchinson's Elegies, the Country-House Poem, and Female Complaint', in Forms of Engagement: Women, Poetry, and Culture 1640-1680 (Oxford, 2013), pp. 113-43, 144-69.

Susan Wiseman, ‘Lucy Hutchinson:  Poetry, Politics, and Mourning’, in Conspiracy and Virtue: Women, Writing, and Politics in Seventeenth-Century England (Oxford, 2007), pp. 209-33.

Seventeenth-Century Women and Writing: General

Carol Barash, English Women’s Poetry, 1649-1714: Politics, Community, and Linguistic Authority (Oxford, 1996). Discusses royalist women poets including Philips.

Kenneth Charlton, Women, Religion and Education in Early Modern England (London, 1999).

Patricia Crawford, Women and the Reformation in England, 1500-1720 (London and New York, 1993).

Peter Davidson and Jane Stevenson (eds.), Early Modern Women Poets (Oxford, 2000).The most wide-ranging anthology to date.

Amy Louise Erickson, Women and Property in Early Modern England (London and New York: Routledge, 1993). The best guide to the legal aspects of women’s lives.

Margaret J. M. Ezell, The Patriarch’s Wife: Literary Evidence and the History of the Family (Chapel Hill and London, 1987).

Margaret Ezell, Writing Women’s Literary History (Baltimore and London, 1993).

Dorothy Gardiner, English Girlhood at School: A Study of Women’s Education through Twelve Centuries (Oxford: Oxford University Press, London: Humphrey Milford, 1929). A mine of information, currently neglected.

Elspeth Graham, Hilary Hinds, Elaine Hobby and Helen Wilcox (eds.), Her Own Life: Autobiographical Writings by Seventeenth-Century Englishwomen (London and New York, 1989). Useful parallels for Hutchinson’s autobiographical fragment.

Germaine Greer, Jesyln Medoff, Melinda Sansone and Susan Hastings (eds.), Kissing the Rod: An Anthology of Seventeenth-Century Women’s Verse (London, 1988). Contains some extracts from Hutchinson’s verse.

Johanna Harris and Elizabeth Scott-Baumann (eds), The Intellectual Culture of Puritan Women, 1558-1680 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011).

Elaine Hobby, Virtue of Necessity: English Women’s Writing, 1649-88 (London, 1988). Pioneering overview, discusses Hutchinson only in passing.

Barbara K. Lewalski, Writing Women in Jacobean England (Cambridge, Mass., and London: Harvard University Press, 1993). Chapter on Arbella Stuart, an important influence on John Hutchinson’s mother.

Phyllis Mack, Visionary Women: Ecstatic Prophecy in Seventeenth-Century England (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992).

Sara Mendelson and Patricia Crawford, Women in Early Modern England (Oxford, 1998). Includes useful chapter on women and politics.

Helen Ostovich, Elizabeth Sauer and Melissa Smith (eds), Reading Early Modern Women: An Anthology of Texts in Manuscript and Print, 1550-1700 (London: Routledge, 2004).

Anita Pacheco, A Companion to Early Modern Women's Writing (Oxford: Blackwell, 2002).

Linda Pollock, `"Teach her to Live under Obedience": The Making of Women in the Upper Ranks of Early Modern England', Continuity and Change, 4:2 (1989), 231-58. Useful discussion of education for women.

Paul Salzman, Reading Early Modern Women's Writing (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006).

Susan Staves, A Literary History of Women's Writing in Britain, 1660-1789 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006).

Jane Stevenson, ‘Female Authority and Authorization Strategies in Early Modern England’, in ‘This Double Voice’: Gendered Writing in Early Modern England, ed. Danielle Clarke and Elizabeth Clarke (New York, 2000), pp. 16-40. Discusses Latin scholarship by women.

Jane Stevenson, ‘Women, Writing, and Scribal Publication in the Sixteenth Century’, English Manuscript Studies 1100-1700, 9 (2000).

Erica Veevers, Images of Love and Religion: Queen Henrietta Maria and Court Entertainments (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989).

Helen Wilcox (ed.), Women and Literature in Britain 1500-1700 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996: essays by Jacqueline Pearson on women readers, Hilda Smith on humanist education, Valerie Wayne on advice to women.

Diane Willen, ‘Godly Women in Early Modern England: Puritanism and Gender’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 43 (1992), 561-80.

Seventeenth-Century History: General

J. T. Cliffe, The Puritan Gentry: The Great Puritan Families of Early Stuart England (London, Boston, Melbourne and Henley: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1984). Revealing on the temper of families like the Hutchinsons.

Gary De Krey, ‘Rethinking the Restoration: Dissenting Cases for Conscience, 1667-1672’, Historical Journal, 38 (1995), 53-83. Useful contexts for Hutchinson in the Restoration.

Richard L. Greaves, Deliver us from Evil: The Radical Underground in Britain, 1660-1663 (Stanford, 1986). Material on the survival of republicanism after 1660.

Tim Harris, Paul Seaward and Mark Goldie (eds.), The Politics of Religion in Restoration England (Oxford, 1990).

Christopher Hill, The Experience of Defeat: Milton and Some Contemporaries (London, 1984). Discusses Owen and other Puritans.

N. H. Keeble, The Literary Culture of Nonconformity in Later Seventeenth-Century England (Leicester, 1987).

N. H. Keeble, The Restoration: England in the 1660s (Oxford, 2002).

Jonathan Scott, England’s Troubles: Seventeenth-Century Political Instability in European Context (Cambridge, 2000). Overview by a historian who is in some ways reinstating what he has termed the ‘Mrs Hutchinson effect’, searching forlong-term causes of the 17c political crisis.

John Spurr, England in the 1670s: ‘This Masquerading Age’ (Oxford, 2000).

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